An Irrigation system requires a water source, a method to transport the water and a method to distribute the water to the soil. Irrigation is used to supplement water during dry periods, increase productivity of coarse soils (sandy), improve the crop quality of water-sensitive crops and reduce risk of crop loss. Sprinkler irrigation is the most widely used distribution method. The center pivot irrigation system is the workhorse of the industry. A typical center pivot system will cost about $1000 per acre to install (well and center pivot). If one is looking to reduce risk of crop loss for the occasional dry growing season, crop insurance will likely be cheaper than an irrigation system that is used infrequently. Below are resources to help evaluate whether an irrigation system is practical and economic for your operation and what type would best fit your crop mix and cultivation practices. Click on the title of each publication or resource to go to the link and read or download the information.
- Irrigation in Ohio: Eight Major Factors, by L.C. Brown and R.P. Fynn, Ohio State University Extension publication AEX-370-91.
- Selecting a Sprinkler Irrigation System, by T. Scherer, North Dakota State University Extension publication AE-91.
- Planning to Irrigate: A Checklist, by T. Scherer, North Dakota State University Extension publication AE-92.
- Irrigation 101-Basics of Irrigation Systems and Water Resources, by S. Sanford, University of Wisconsin-Madison. If you are not currently an irrigator but are thinking about purchasing a system, this video will provide you with the basic system components (water sources, pumping systems, piping, distribution/application methods and system controls). The discussion includes the advantages and disadvantages of different well and pump types along with different types of water delivery systems (sprinkler and drip). The approximate costs for equipment and operation of various types of systems is also included.
Economics of Irrigation, including Lease Agreements
- Economics of Irrigation Systems, by S. Amosson, L. Almas et al, Texas A&M Agri Life Extension publication B-6113.
- Rental Agreements for Irrigated Land, by R. Massey and W. Casady, University of Missouri Extension publication G530.
- Shared Irrigation Expenses, by L. Kelley, Michigan State University Extension and Purdue University publication Irrigation Fact Sheet #10.
- Irrigation Energy Self Assessment Tool, to help calculate the energy used by irrigation and to reduce energy usage. Created by the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.
- The eXtension Agricultural Energy Community of Practice has a website with materials in a FarmEnergy Media Archive. Dr. William Kranz at the University of Nebraska Extension has posted a webinar with 3 segments that discuss the amount of energy used in an irrigation system. They are: Irrigation Pumping Plant Efficiency, Irrigation Scheduling, and Irrigation Pipeline Distribution Energy.