Goat artificial insemination student swabbing a goat to check viscosity of the mucus to help determine breeding readiness

2019 Goat Artificial Insemination Clinic

Artificial Insemination (AI) has been a powerful tool in the agriculture industry for many years. AI allows producers to improve the genetic progress of their herd by using top quality sires from around the world. A goat Artificial Insemination course will be held on June 19 and June 20 at the Fond du Lac County […]

round hay bale in field at sunset

Reducing livestock hay loss over winter

Feed costs tend to be one of the most costly parts of caring for livestock- whether for horses, cattle, sheep or goats.  One large component of feed cost is how much hay your critters are using (or wasting). A University of Minnesota study evaluated the use of nine different types of round bale feeders for […]


Winter care

With the onset of winter comes additional care of livestock.  A few of the key pieces to care of livestock in the wintertime is access to fresh water, dry bedding, ample feed, and shelter. For any livestock that is kept outdoors or in a barn where indoor temperatures follow the outdoor temperatures, winter is a […]

common fabric fiber types viewed under a microscope

Everything you didn’t know about wool: wool processing

As we enter into the holiday season of December, the colder weather got me thinking about the warm clothes that we wear.  Often we garb ourselves in holiday finery which may be a special occasion sweater made of wool.   Since some parts of the Waushara, Marquette, and Green Lake counties were historically farmed with sheep […]

coarse wool, medium wool, and fine wool fibers

Everything you didn’t know about wool

Wool is a very versatile product, used to make carpets, blankets, clothing, and many other materials.  Wool is a good insulating material, can absorb water or allow for evaporation of water, is resistant to fire, and is very durable.  Part of the reason why wool is so versatile is the unique properties it has, some […]


Putting money in the till

By Richard Halopka, UW-Extension Agriculture Agent for Clark County When working in private industry one day my boss told me “we need to put some money in the till.” My first thought was what is he talking about? The simple answer is every day when you begin the day you turn on the lights and make […]

Big bluestem grass about 6.5 feet tall and showing the characteristic "blue" sheen near the nodes.

Grazing warm season grasses

At the end of August I had the opportunity to attend a grazing professional development event hosted in Spooner. Much of the Spooner area has abundantly sandy soils like the soils here in Waushara and Marquette counties, so farmers face similar pasture establishment and summer quantity of forage challenges.  Black Creek Bison has been testing several different warm-season grasses including selected varieties of annual crabgrass, teff grass, switchgrass, little bluestem, and big bluestem.

Cattle near a metal ring hay feeder surrounded by muddy tire tracks. Photo by Callum Black / Cattle and mud / CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons.

Floating away

After what was a very long stretch of time without rain this summer, we are now facing the exact opposite problem… with flooding in much of southern Wisconsin, many roads are still closed for safety reasons.  On my way to work this past week I have been seeing standing water in places that I have […]

speckled cow on pasture with barn and silos in background.

Soil Fertility Guidelines for Pastures

As we start to enter the harvest season, it is also a good time to think about completing soil testing for the upcoming growing season. The publication A4034 Soil Fertility Guidelines for Pastures in Wisconsin provides some context about where to test in pastures, where NOT to test, and some general guidelines about liming and […]

Go to the Grazing Research & Resources website.


One of the many challenges that graziers face during the summer is the dreaded “summer slump,” especially on summers with limited rainfall.  There are various strategies that graziers can employ to combat this issue.  A few potential strategies include: lower the animal stocking rate in late summer (which is often not practical), plant annuals which […]