Plants ID – Flowers and Indoor Plants

African Violet, Celosia, Coleus, Columbine, Cosmos, Cyclamen, Crocus, Daffodil, Dahlia, Daylily, Dianthus sp., DracanenaFicus sp., Geranium, Gloxinia, Hosta, HyacinthIris, JadeLily, Nasturtium, Neantha Bella Palm, Peony, Peperomia, PetuniaRose, Salvia, Snakeplant, Snapdragon, TulipZinnia

African Violet 

Leaves:
Many fleshy, round to oval, almost toothless, purplish beneath, fuzzy, long petioles.

Flowers:
1-4 inch with loose cluster on top, flowers across, flattened not tubular, many colors.

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c1

Celosia 

Leaves:  
Alternate 2″ or longer, unlobed, terminate, linear-lanced-shaped, sometimes variegated.

Flowers:
Dense chaffy spikes, forming a cockscomb or cone-shaped (plume-shaped), 1″ to 4″ long, bright colored.

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c7ac7b

Coleus 

Leaves: 
Opposite, heart-shaped or egg-shaped being wider below middle, round saw-toothed, teeth pointing forward, colorful and showy.  Square stems.

Flowers:
Small to medium, mostly blue or lilac, terminal spikes, branched.

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c9

 Columbine 

Leaves:
Compound with 2-3 leaflets, appear scalloped.

Flowers:
Spring to early summer; terminating the branches, long backward projecting spurs.

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 c10ac10b

Cosmos 

Leaves: 
Flat and commonly fleshy, some lacy.  Stems are succulent and mostly spiny, cylindric, globe-shaped, flattened or grooved.

Flowers:
Blooms are single or clustered, often large and showy, many colors and various shades of a color, such as pink.

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 c11

Crocus

Leaves:
Linear, grass-like, commonly striped.

Flowers:

Spring flowering atop a long slender tube.

Roots:
Corm, loose almost “stringy” skin.

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 c12

Cyclamen 

Leaves:
Heart, kidney or egg-shaped, round lobes at base, long leaf stem, usually marbled or variegated with white.

Flowers:
Single nodding flower atop each flower stalk, petals strongly bent backward appearing upside-down.

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c13

Daffodil 

Leaves:
Linear and flat or narrow & rush-like, appearing with the flowers, basal.Flowers:
Spring flowering atop a 2 ft or less flower stalk, mostly nodding, petals forming tubular “cup” which is attached “T” shaped.

Roots:

Bulb, brown, papery skin, elongated neck.

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c14

Dahlia 

Leaves:
Opposite, 1 or 3 leaflets per leaf, egg-shaped.

Flowers:
Petals slightly cup shaped, ranging from 2″ to plate size.

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c15

Daylily 

Leaves:
Basal, narrow, keel-shaped, linear, grasslike.

Flowers:
Bell-shaped, petals curving backward at tip.

Roots:
Fibrous or tuberous.

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c16

Dianthus sp. 

Leaves:
are ferny-like, light green to deep green in color.

Flowers:
Blooms are size of a penny, short stems, pink and red common but come in other colors also.

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c17

Dracaena 

Leaves:
Various, long sword-shaped, broad & having leaf stem; marked with stripes, bands or dots.  Mature plants leaves crowded at top of trunk or branches.

Flowers:
Mostly in little clusters, small, not showy.

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c18

Fiscus Sp. 

Leaves:
Alternate, toothless, lobed, thick or stiff, milky sap.

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 c20a
c20b

Geranium 

Leaves:
Mostly opposite, veining, lobed or divided into segments, often strong-smelling.

Flowers:

Globe-shaped clusters, each flowering having nectar-spur.

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c21

Gloxinia 

Leaves:
Opposite, large, shaggy, oblong or egg shaped to 8″ long, 6″ wide, shallow round-toothed, rounded or pointed tip, short-petioles.

Flowers:
Large, 3″ long, showy,single or clustered atop stems.
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 c23ac23b

Hosta 

Leaves:
Usually wide and puckered or crisp, some can be striped to variegated in patterns on each leaf, rounded to pointed, many heart-shaped, some with bell-shaped blooms.

Flowers:
Colors of deep blue-green, chartreuse-green, light green to dark, some can have white edgings or margins.

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c24

Hyacinth 

Leaves:
4-6 narrow, strap-shaped, tip rounded.

Flowers:
Clusters atop hollow flower stalk.

Roots:
Bulbs, papery skin, globe shaped, round disk at base, white or purple.

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c25

Iris 

Leaves:
Basal, sword-shaped, flat grass-like, many veins lengthwise.

Flowers:
Blooms are showy, many colors, bearded or stand upright and often have an arch.

Roots:
Rhizomes or bulbs

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c27

Jade  

Leaves:
Fleshy, opposite, toothless, hairless, shiny, taper-based.

Flowers:
compact clusters.

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c28

Lily (Easter, Asiatic, Oriental) 

Leaves:
Alternate, long, narrow, lance-shaped, pointed, smooth, dropping toward tip.

Flowers:
Trumpet-shaped, 4-7 inches long, horizontal, petals flaring outward.

Root:
Bulb, globe shaped, closely overlapping scales, no skin layers.

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c29

Nasturtium  

Leaves:
Simple, alternate, long leaf stem attached to middle of leaf, circular or kidney shaped, toothless.

Flowers:
Irregular on long flower stalks, 1-2 1/2 inches across, each petal having long stem, fringed or cut.

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c31

Neantha Bella Palm  

A small, fine-textured, single trunked palm, usually 4 high. Leaves are pinnately compound; leaflets are lanceolate, with short, unarmed petioles. Fruits are black and globose, maturing throughout the year.

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palm

Peony 

Leaves:
Alternate, large, leaflets in threes, compound or divided into segments.

Flowers:
Large, usually terminal, sometimes clustered.

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c33

Peperomia 

Leaves:
Alternate opposite, succulent, simple, toothless, petioled.

Flowers:
Small, dense, small slender spikes.

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c34

Petunia 

Leaves:
Alternate, soft, simple, toothless.

Flowers:
Funnel-shaped terminal flower stalks, petals ruffled, smooth.

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c35

Rose 

Leaves:
Alternate, odd pinnate, with stipules growing from petiole.

Flowers:
Solitary or clustered

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c39

Salvia 

Leaves:
Opposite, simple, oval or lance-shaped, margins toothed or segmented.

Flowers:
Spikes

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c40

Snakeplant 

Leaves:
Arising directly from rhizome, variegated, thick, erect, rigid.

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c42

Snapdragon  

An erect herbaceous annual or perennial with stiff stems. The leaves are simple and alternate, with entire margins. They are lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate. The stems are usually covered with short, sticky hairs. Flowers are borne on terminal recemes, growing from the axils of small leafy bracts. The corolla is tubular to 2 long and pouched, forming a mouth. Colors are red, pink, yellow, orange, and purple with all shades and combinations of these.

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snapdragonbig

Tulip 

Leaves:
Broad, thick, arising from bulb.

Flowers:
Most erect, bell-shaped, fringe or ruffled petals.

Roots:
Bulb, papery skin, tapering upward-rain drop.

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c44

Zinnia  

Leaves: 
Opposite, wrapping around stem, toothless.

Flowers:

Heads solitary, terminating the branched, stiff and chaffy petals.

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c45