Tools for Teaching Navigation
Tools for Teaching: Introduction
Facilitation Skills: The art of group facilitation
Teaching and Presentation Skills: Keep these techniques in mind
Tips for Programs: Practical examples and resources
4. Building a Powerful Closing
Tips for Closings
Incorporate much of the following to strengthen your closing:
- Plan your closing in detail. Memorize it if necessary.
- Integrate material from your introduction, referring to the analogy, rhetorical question, anecdote or data that you used. This is a powerful way to end and shows cohesiveness.
- Use an interesting technique – quote, question, anecdote, poem, joke, etc.
- Restate your central theme or summarize your key points.
- Point to the listeners’ need to know what you’ve just told them, and remind them of the urgency/importance of that information.
- Provide listeners with a “call-to-action” – clear action steps, prescribed behavior or mental activity they should do (call meeting to implement a solution; give you that budget increase).
- Acknowledge the important work and contribution of the audience.
- End early if possible, and offer to stay around for 15 – 20 minutes following the presentation to answer questions. The audience will know you care.
- Go for an emotional connection with the audience. Make them laugh. Make them cry. Make them think. Make them stand up and applaud.
Here are a few phrases to avoid:
- Well, I’m about out of time.
- I forgot to tell you. . .
- I’m being told I need to stop now.
Adapted with permission from Soil and Water Conservation District Outreach: A Handbook for Program Development, Implementation and Evaluation. Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Division of Soil and Water Conservation, 2003.