Adams, J., Kraft, S., Ruhl, J. B., Lant, C., Loftus, T., & Duram, L. (2005) Finding 1

As watershed organizations develop, facilitate a form of governance that is democratic and able to generate outcomes considered legitimate by all affected parties:

  • Provide a foundation of accepted scientific knowledge about the scope of the problems and the underlying biological-chemical-physical-socio-economic factors at work;
  • Develop rules to inform the planning process that are accepted as ‘‘right’’ and just by the stakeholders and provide for a process through which interested individuals (stakeholders)develop, debate, reject, and accept plans to deal withthe identified problems while promising to reach stipulated goals including a process for making the plan known to all affected parties;
  • Establish an accepted process for implementation, monitoring, and enforcement of the plan and its recommendations in an impartial way including a way to amend the plan or recommendation in light of new scientific information or changingsocial and/or environmental conditions.

Continue reading →

Alkon, A. H. (2004) Finding 1

Local understanding about place and identity can provide coherence and justification for the creation and function of an organization as well as for individual or policy decisions about land use.

Continue reading →

Alkon, A. H. (2004) Finding 2

A decision-making process that accepts the assumption that the people most involved with a particular issue are the ones best equipped to make decision is likely to lead to constructive solutions to land use concerns. Continue reading →

Andersson, L. (2004) Finding 1

When using predictive models to aid farmers in making a nutrient application decision:

  • confirm that predictive models have been tested with satisfactory results against field experiments.
  • confirm that the models show detectable reductions of nutrient leaching, as a consequence of implemented remedies.
  • provide results that consider the total environmental impact of a suggested measure, in order to show a more realistic evaluation of sources of nutrient load (e.g. provide results demonstrating the combined impact of all potential nutrients, rather than results predicting application impacts of one nutrient at a time).
  • provide simulations that are based on a specific climatic variable, such as air temperature, rather than general seasonal timing (early fall).
  • develop a system for presenting model uncertainties appropriate to use in stakeholder dialogues.

Continue reading →

Andersson, L. (2004) Finding 2

Present nutrient application simulations to farmers in a group, to give farmers an opportunity to learn what practices others are using and how they weigh aspects when making decisions about nutrient management.

Continue reading →